Forest Stewardship Plan
A Forest Stewardship Plan describes the strategies and results that will be applied on the Plan area to ensure consistency with the objectives set by government for critical forest values.
A Forest Stewardship Plan shows what land will be managed. Blocks or roads are not shown on the plan: instead, the FSP provides strategies and results that describe what will be done so that forest values (fish, wildlife, water, soils, timber, biodiversity, cultural heritage, and visual quality) are managed. As long as the strategies and results are followed, work can go ahead.
The plan has to be approved by the Ministry of Forests Lands and Natural Resource Operations (FLNRO). The actual work in the forest is also reviewed by the Ministry of FLNRO to check that the plan is followed.
The FSP covers the traditional territory of Kitsumkalum, and applies to forest management under two forest tenures awarded to Kitsumkalum as part of a Forest and Range Agreement between the Government of BC and the Kitsumkalum First Nation.
Kitsumkalum’s Traditional Use Study plays an important role in the FSP. The TUS was researched and recorded by the Tsimshian First Nations communities of Kitsumkalum and Kitselas. The study documents all places of cultural importance in the territories. Places like fishing spots, plant gathering locations, and hunting grounds were marked on maps and recorded in computer databases for future reference. More places of importance included places with names, special histories and past and present village locations.
When we are made aware of a group’s desire to use land or resources in the traditional territory, we can refer to the TUS information to help us decide how to respond to their requests.
KVL’s FSP has been conducted to ensure that KVL has a better understanding of Kitsumkalum’s territories in order to carry out responsible forestry practices by respecting and preserving the rich histories of the Tsimshian First Nation.
KVL’s Forest Stewardship Plan was originally approved in July of 2005. There have been several amendments since then, the most notable being the incorporation of the Kalum Sustainable Resource Management Plan (SRMP), and the addition of two new forest tenures. Further amendments will occur as necessary, for example to reflect improved silviculture practices, new wildlife habitat areas, or the outcomes of the Treaty process.
Over the past year KVL has completed harvest the remainder of their volume on the two licences A77424 and A73726. Kalum Ventures has Silvicultural Obligations on areas harvested under these licences. Compliance with these obligations is measured with two important Milestones.
1. Regen Delay
Planning for achieving Silvicultural obligations begins before harvesting even starts. A Silviculture Plan is developed that anticipates actions such as planting and brushing needed to achieve Silviculture objectives. A block could be left for natural regeneration or it might be scheduled for planting. After harvest is complete, a crew will review the block to refine the plan. Usually they will cover the entire cutting area to determine if there are any foreseeable problem areas what would need assistance to reach the regen delay mile stone. More often than not, the cut blocks will naturally regenerate.
There are some areas that require some additional help, this could be fill planting or brushing/weeding.
Brushing and Weeding:
Competition Vegetation stagnates the growth of the young seedlings and can also kill the tree by shading out light or competing for nutrients and water. Common competing vegetation on the licences includes Fireweed, Raspberry, Blueberry, Salmon Berry, Elderberry, Braken Fern, Lady Fern and even deciduous trees such as Birch, Alder and Cottonwood.
To mitigate competition vegetation (Brush) a crew will go to the area of concern and manually brush around the seedlings. This treatment will allow more light to the tree, which will allow the tree to put on more height.
Before harvesting the forester would determine if planting is required and what stock is required to regenerate the block. After harvesting blocks are reviewed and additional areas may be planted. Planting is done manually with a planting shovel. The planter finds the best areas to plant the seedlings to give them the best chance to establish themselves. A full plant is where there is 100% coverage of the harvest area, and then a fill plant is where there is some natural regeneration that needs some assistance to achieve density requirements.
After there are enough trees the Forester can declare the block as Regen Delay Achieved. KVL will continue to monitor the stand until it reaches the next milestone.
Free growing is when the seedlings reach a stage where they are a minimum height and are above the competition vegetation. Trees must be healthy and growing well. Once the trees meet the height and density requirements, the stand is considered Freegrowing. This milestone ends the obligations and liabilities that KVL has on the harvested area. This will take anywhere between 8-20 years.
Listed is Kalum Ventures' cutting permits, cut block sites, and when they were harvested.
A73726 1 South Douglas 2005
A77424 2 Little Cedar North 2005
A77424 2 Meadow 2006
A73726 3 Pontoon 2005
A77424 4 Meadow 2007
A73726 5 Wesach 2014
A73726 5 Wesach 2014
A73726 5 South Douglas 2014
A77424 6 Poupard 2006
A77424 6 Poupard 2006
A73726 7 Clear Creek 2007
A73726 7 Rosswood 2006
A77424 8 Clear Creek 2006
A77424 8 Hadenschild 2006
A73726 9 Hall Creek 2007
A77424 10 Poupard 2010
A77424 10 Poupard 2007
A77424 12 Clear Creek North 2008
A73726 13 Swanson Creek 2008
A77424 14 North Nelson Not Harvested
A73726 15 Anwieler 2010
A77424 16 North Beaver 2007
A77424 16 North Beaver Bypass Not Harvested
A77424 16 Little Cedar South 2010
A73726 17 Findlay Lake 2010
A77424 18 Mayo Creek Not Harvested
A77424 20 Hadenschild 2010
A77424 20 Sand Lake 2012
A77424 22 Big Cedar 17.5 2010
A16836 23 Deep Creek 2011
A73726 25 Big Cedar 17.5 2012
a77424 26 North Beaver 2010
A73726 27 Big Cedar 21 2012
A77424 28 North Beaver 2010
A73726 29 Big Cedar 23 2012
A77426 30 Alice Creek 2011
A73726 35 Zymacord 2012
A77426 40 Alice Creek 2013
A77426 42 Poupard Not harvested
Forest Engineering and Permitting
Kalum Ventures has harvested close to 400,000 cubic meters on over 40 different cutting authorities. We continue to assess and evaluate potential harvesting opportunities that will meet with the goals and objectives of our company and shareholders.
The planning, development and permitting of timber harvesting starts at the Forest Stewardship Plan, and continues with on-the-ground reconnaissance of potential harvesting areas to confirm their ecological, social, and economic conditions and potential for forest development. Once the potential area has been determined to meet the values of the mission statement of Kalum Ventures and our shareholders, we proceed to the next step of forest engineering and permitting. Forest engineering is when the harvest block and associated roads are designed and located in the field. Additional ecological information, assessments and field data are conducted at this time to fully assess the compliance with the regulatory and ecological commitments made by our company. We also discuss the area with Kitsumkalum Treaty Office to ensure that our plans are informed by Traditional Use information.
Once the field work confirms that development can proceed, we prepare the necessary permit applications, which are submitted to the Ministry of Forests, Lands, and Natural Resource Operations. The Ministry then will consult with affected First Nations for comment on Traditional Use and the impacts that the planned development may have on that use.
We review all comments that we receive from First Nations. Forest Licensees have an obligation and commitment to review those comments and consider incorporating changes in the development plan to mitigate the impact of the identified traditional uses. This communication link is important in the relationship between forest licensees and the First Nations.
Forest Stewardship Plan
Engineering & Permitting
KALUM VENTURES LTD. 2004-2015
14303 Hwy 16 W | Ph: 250.635.8060 | Toll-Free: 1-888-635-8060 | Fax: 250.635.8062 | PO Box 922 Terrace BC V8G 4R2